John Cage

John Milton Cage Jr.

Also known as Cage, Джон Кейдж, J. Cage, J. Cage (1912-1992)

Profile of the performer John Cage: John Cage was born in Los Angeles (5 September 1912) and died in New York (12 August 1992).

He left Pomona College early to travel in Europe (1930-31), then studied with Cowell in New York (1933-4) and Schönberg in Los Angeles (1934): his first published compositions, in a rigorous atonal system of his own, date from this period.

In 1937 he moved to Seattle to work as a dance accompanist, and there in 1938 he founded a percussion orchestra; his music now concerned with filling units of time with ostinatos (First Construction in Metal, 1939).

He also began to use electronic devices (variable-speed turntables in Imaginary Landscape n.1, 1939) and invented the 'prepared piano', which involves placing a variety of objects between the strings of a grand piano in order to create an effective percussion orchestra under the control of two hands.

He moved to San Francisco in 1939, to Chicago in 1941 and back to New York in 1942, all the time writing music for dance companies (notably for Merce Cunningham), nearly always for prepared piano or percussion ensemble.

There were also major concert works for the new instrument: A Book of Music (1944) and Three Dances (1945) for two prepared pianos, and the Sonatas and Interludes (1948) for one.

During this period Cage became interested in Eastern philosophies, especially in Zen.

Working to remove creative choice from composition, he used coin tosses to determine events (Music of Changes for piano, 1951), wrote for 12 radios (Imaginary Landscape n.4, also 1951) and introduced other indeterminate techniques.

His 4'33" (1952) has no composed sound -- only that of the environment in which it is performed; the Concert for Piano and Orchestra (1958) is an encyclopedia of indeterminate notations.

Yet other works show his growing interest in the theatre of musical performance (Water Music, 1952, for pianist with a variety of non-standard equipment) and in electronics (Imaginary Landscape n.5 for randomly mixed recordings, 1952; Cartridge Music for small sounds amplified in live performance, 1960), culminating in various large-scale events staged as jamborees of haphazardness (HPSCHD for harpsichords, tapes etc, 1969).

The later output is various, including indeterminate works, others fully notated within a very limited range of material, and pieces for natural resources (plants, shells).

Cage also appeared widely in Europe and the USA as a lecturer and performer, having an enormous influence on younger musicians and artists.

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  1. http://www.newalbion.com/artists/cagej/index.htm
  2. http://www.sterneck.net/john-cage
  3. http://www.johncage.info/
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# Release cover Release title Tracks amount Download release in mp3? Official release date Label of release
1 John Cage - The 25-Year Retrospective Concert Of The Music Of John Cage The 25-Year Retrospective Concert Of The Music Of John Cage 9 mp3, CD 1994 WERGO
2 Electronic Music 3 mp3, CD 1967 Turnabout
3 Sonatas And Interludes For Prepared Piano 19 mp3, CD 1999 Naxos
4 Circles / Frammento / Aria With Fontana Mix 3 mp3, CD 1962 Time Records (3)
5 Circles / Frammento / Aria With Fontana Mix 3 mp3, CD 1970 Mainstream Records
6 Sonatas And Interludes 19 mp3, CD 1997 Fylkingen Records
7 John Cage - Three Dances & Four Organs Three Dances & Four Organs 6 mp3, CD 1973 Angel Records
8 Music Of Changes 4 mp3, CD 1982 WERGO
9 John Cage - Etudes Australes For Piano Etudes Australes For Piano 20 mp3, CD 1979 Ariola
10 John Cage - Live Live 4 mp3, CD 1976 WERGO
11 Sonates Et Interludes Pour Piano Préparé (1946-48) 20 mp3, CD 1980 Harmonia Mundi
12 John Cage - Music For Keyboard 1935 - 1948 Music For Keyboard 1935 - 1948 12 mp3, CD 1970 Columbia Masterworks
13 John Cage - Mr. John Cage's Prepared Piano Mr. John Cage's Prepared Piano 20 mp3, CD 1975 Decca
14 Nocturne - Six Melodies - Amores - A Valentine Out Of Season - Music For Marcel Duchamp 16 mp3, CD 1980 Philips
15 John Cage - Atlas Eclipticalis & Winter Music / 103 Atlas Eclipticalis & Winter Music / 103 4 mp3, CD 2000 Asphodel
16 John Cage - Credo In US Credo In US 2 mp3, CD 2001 Dolor Del Estamago
17 John Cage - Voices And Instruments Voices And Instruments 8 mp3, CD 1978
18 John Cage - The Perilous Night / Four Walls The Perilous Night / Four Walls 23 mp3, CD 1991 New Albion
19 John Cage - Works For Piano & Prepared Piano (1943-1952) Works For Piano & Prepared Piano (1943-1952) 18 mp3, CD 1986 WERGO
20 John Cage - Works For Piano & Prepared Piano • Vol. I (1943-1952) Works For Piano & Prepared Piano • Vol. I (1943-1952) 16 mp3, CD 1988 WERGO
21 John Cage - Works For Percussion Works For Percussion 7 mp3, CD 1991
22 John Cage - John Cage John Cage 5 mp3, CD 1974 Cramps Records
23 John Cage - Sonatas And Interludes Vol. 1 Sonatas And Interludes Vol. 1 10 mp3, CD 1966 Fylkingen Records
24 John Cage - Sonatas And Interludes Vol. 2 Sonatas And Interludes Vol. 2 9 mp3, CD 1966 Fylkingen Records
25 John Cage - HPSCHD HPSCHD 9 mp3, CD 2003 Electronic Music Foundation
26 John Cage - Three Constructions Three Constructions 5 mp3, CD 1989 Tomato
27 John Cage - In A Landscape In A Landscape 8 mp3, CD 1995-01-10 Catalyst
28 John Cage - Musique Electronique Nouvelle: Variations II / Trois Visages De Liège / Ensembles For Synthesizer Musique Electronique Nouvelle: Variations II / Trois Visages De Liège / Ensembles For Synthesizer 6 mp3, CD
29 John Cage - Music For Prepared Piano Music For Prepared Piano 19 mp3, CD 2001 Naxos
30 John Cage - Cifre · Four Systems · Cartridge Music Cifre · Four Systems · Cartridge Music 4 mp3, CD 1989 Edition RZ
31 John Cage - John Cage Meets Sun Ra John Cage Meets Sun Ra 2 mp3, CD 1987 Meltdown Records (3)
32 John Cage - String Quartets String Quartets 11 mp3, CD Deutsche Grammophon
33 John Cage - Three Constructions Three Constructions 5 mp3, CD 1989 Tomato
34 John Cage - Works For Piano & Prepared Piano · Vol. IV Works For Piano & Prepared Piano · Vol. IV 10 mp3, CD 1996
35 John Cage - Complete Piano Music Vol. 1 - The Prepared Piano 1940-1952 Complete Piano Music Vol. 1 - The Prepared Piano 1940-1952 48 mp3, CD 1997 Musikproduktion Dabringhaus Und Grimm
36 John Cage - A Tribute A Tribute 65 mp3, CD 2004-02-13 Ants
37 John Cage - Empty Words (Part III) Live Empty Words (Part III) Live 2 mp3, CD 1990 Cramps Records
38 John Cage - Music Of Changes Music Of Changes 4 mp3, CD 1988 WERGO
39 John Cage - New Electronic Music From Leaders Of The Avant-Garde New Electronic Music From Leaders Of The Avant-Garde 6 mp3, CD 1967 Columbia Masterworks
40 John Cage - Music For Merce Cunningham Music For Merce Cunningham 2 mp3, CD 1991 Mode
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